As a satellite ISP, Hughes strives to offer a reliable high-speed Internet option with a customer-friendly and easy-to-use service. This list of glossary terms is meant to familiarize you with satellite Internet and answer questions you may have.
56K line – Most dial-up Internet connections use a telephone line that allows transfer of data at 56,000 bits per second. 56K line refers to this type of Internet connection.
Bandwidth – This term describes the amount of data that can be sent through a particular Internet connection or network. High-bandwidth Internet connections (faster than 768 kilobits per second) are often called “high-speed Internet.
Bit – A single binary value; a bit is the smallest piece of computer data. Many bits are needed to transmit even the simplest file.
Broadband – Broadband refers to an Internet connection with download speed in excess of 25Mbps.
Dial-up – This term refers to an Internet connection through a home telephone line.
DSL (digital subscriber line) – Allows user to access the Internet by way of existing telephone lines.
Ethernet – A commonly used local area network (LAN) that connects computers to one another and/or connects a computer to the Internet.
Firewall – Software that protects your computer network from outside users.
High-speed Internet option – An ISP (that is, satellite, cable, or DSL) offers an Internet service option that provides enough bandwidth for high-speed Internet use.
IP (Internet protocol) – Programming language that serves as the backbone of the Internet. “IP” is short for “IP address.”
IP Address – Every computer has its own IP number, which acts as the computer’s identification. IP addresses are unique for each computer connected to the Internet. They are much like a physical address.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) – Each ISP offers service options to customers that range in bandwidth, type of connection, and other options such as email, storage space, and virus protection.
Kilobit – 1024 bits of data. Internet speeds are often measured in kilobits per second (kbps).
Megabit – One million bits.
Modem – A modem connects your computer to a phone line, cable, or satellite. The modem acts as an interpreter between the two devices so that digital messages can be sent from your computer to another computer or to a satellite dish.
Satellite dish – An antenna that sends and receives data.
Satellite Internet – Using a modem, coaxial cables, and a satellite dish, computer users are able to access high-speed Internet.
Satellite ISP – An Internet Service Provider that offers a satellite Internet connection to homes or businesses. A satellite ISP is particularly beneficial for rural residents.